How to locate fish in a lake

Any angler, amateur or pro, has these days when fish simply don’t want to bite and they are forced to go back home with empty hands. This is why most people think that fishing is purely a game of luck. True, luck plays a large part in whether your fishing trip is fruitful at all. But that doesn’t mean that you can’t increase your luck. The key to catching a lot of fish is knowing where they are located.

Study the habits of fish

Knowing where fish tend to dwell and how they behave is invaluable knowledge to any angler.

Some fish, such as minnows, prefer shallow water so stay close to the shore and fish in places with visible weed beds. On the other hand, walleyes prefer open spaces where the water is colder and the current is stronger. Each fish species has its own preferences so you should decide beforehand which species you are aiming for and study its habits before you set out.

You should also be aware of how weather conditions affect fish behavior. The amount of sunlight is one of the most important factors here. Sunny skies cause most fish to scurry away to secluded and shaded areas because otherwise, they would be visible to their predators. But if it’s cloudy, fish will be more daring and swim around more because they aren’t afraid of being eaten. That’s why mornings and late evenings are good times to catch a lot of fish – sunlight is scarce so the fish are more active.

Try and study fish patterns in the specific areas you want to fish in. Fish behavior, even if it’s the same species, can change depending on climate. You can search for that kind of information online or ask the locals.

Help yourself with electronics

You can also locate fish with a fish finder. It’s a wonderful device that practically does the work for you – you just need to cast the line in the right spot.

Fish finders work like sonars. The transducer part of a fish finder is cast into the water. The transducer transmits sound waves into the water and once these waves hit some obstruction, in this case, fish, the distance is then measured. This information then appears on the display screen you have with you on the boat.

Fish finders operate at different frequencies, with the highest reaching around 200 kHz. High frequencies are good for locating fish in shallow waters and they can even display a detailed image of the fish, allowing you to identify your target. For fishing in deep water, low frequencies are needed but they usually won’t be able to give you anything besides a general indication that there is some fish swimming in this specific spot. If you plan on buying a fish finder, try to get one that can use different frequencies.

As you can see, there is more to fishing than just luck. Now that you know how to locate fish underwater, you should work on your casting and pulling techniques so that you can actually catch the fish successfully.